Minerals come from the earth and taken through plants incorporate them into their tissues or animals that concentrated when eaten plants.
To stay healthy we must take a balanced mineral is a vital requirement in our diet, lack of some specific diseases causing you can avoid.
Minerals form part of tissues such as bones and teeth regulate nerve impulses to muscle, too, the ion exchange cell membranes and the balance of the internal and mediate as enzymes, regulating metabolism.
There are some that are needed in large quantities such as calcium, phosphorus, sodium, potassium, magnesium and iron. Others are needed in smaller amounts such as tin, silicon, nickel and vanadium.
99% calcium and 80% of phosphorus in the bone body part of the teeth. 60% of magnesium is combined with calcium and phosphate in bone tissue. If there is lack of calcium, phosphorus or sodium, there is a lack of bone mineralization known as osteoporosis, bone pain dominated and muscle weakness. The milk and dairy products contain large amounts of calcium.
The sources of phosphorus are all protein foods such as meat, chicken, fish, eggs, dairy products, cereals and pulses, the magnesium is abundant in vegetables, vegetables, grains, nuts, vegetables and chocolate.
Calcium and phosphorus: 800 mg / day and magnesium: 280-350mg/day.
Moreover, the body contains about 4 g of iron. Of these, the majority are found in the hemoglobin of red blood cells and, thanks to him, it carries oxygen from the lungs to the tissues. Magnesium protects against heart muscle disease and is the fifth mineral for its abundance in the body. It is found in bananas, cocoa, grains, legumes and leafy vegetables, meats, dairy
Iron deficiency is manifested by the presence of anemia, which is corrected by a diet high in absorbable iron supplements. The most important sources are: meat, liver, egg yolk, fish and seafood.
Recommended: 10 to 12 mg / day.
Iodine is another essential element for the body. The majority are located in the thyroid gland. Its only known function is related to thyroid hormones. Its deficit is associated with the occurrence of a condition called hypothyroidism, where the gland is inflamed and goiter. Foods such as fish, seafood and shellfish are rich sources of iodine, like sea salt, water and vegetables.